Here is version 1.7 (Mac) of my Unicode keyboard “French AZERTY.” The Windows version is available here.

This keyboard extends the classical French AZERTY keyboard with numerous diacritics and symbols, which is useful for other latin-based languages (such as German, Polish, Hungarian, Esperanto…), typography, phonetics, and translitteration (including Indo-European and Semitic languages).

Installation

  1. Click on the following link to download my Mac keyboards: Claviers Michael Langlois (Mac).
  2. Open the archive, run the program and follow the instructions. If you have a message asking you to overwrite a previous version, click “Overwrite.” Then restart your computer.
  3. Go to  > System Preferences > Keyboard & Text > Input Methods. Make sure the option “Display Input menu in menu bar” is checked, then click the “+” button to add one or more of my keyboards (since I have keyboards for French, Greek, Hebrew, Syriac…).

Usage

  1. In your word processor (for instance TextEdit), place the cursor where you want to input text with this keyboard.
  2. Click on the menubar language icon, and choose my keyboard
  3. Once you’re done using this keyboard, click on the menubar language icon and choose “French.”

Functions

Alphabet

The alphabet and other common characters are located on the same keys as a regular French AZERTY keyboard.

Diacritics

Diacritics work in the same way as the circumflex accent on the French keyboard: type the accent, then the character that will receive it. Numerous diacritics are available; they are placed in a mnemotechnical way on a French keyboard:

Diacritics above

  • circonflexe : touche ^ (ex: “^ i” → î)
  • tréma : touche MAJ+^ (ex: “MAJ+^ i” → ï)
  • aigu : touche é (ex: “é i” → í)
  • grave : touche è (ex: “è i” → ì)
  • macron : touche à (ex: “à i” → ī)
  • brève : touche ù (ex: “ù i” → ĭ)
  • tilde : touche ALT+é (ex: “ALT+é i” → ĩ)
  • crochet : touche ALT+è (ex: “ALT+è i” → ỉ)
  • caron : touche ALT+^ (ex: “ALT+^ i” → ǐ)
  • rond : touche ALT+MAJ+@ (ex: “ALT+MAJ+@ a” → å)
  • point : touche ALT+MAJ+; (ex: “ALT+MAJ+; t” → ṫ)
  • double aigu : touche ALT+MAJ+é (ex: “ALT+MAJ+é u” → ű)

Diacritics below

  • cédille : touche ç (ex: “ç t” → ţ)
  • circonflexe souscrit : touche ALT+MAJ+^ (ex: “ALT+MAJ+^ t” → ṱ)
  • brève (lunule) : touche ALT+ù (ex: “ALT+ù h” → ḫ)
  • rond : touche ALT+@ (ex: “ALT+@ a” → ḁ)
  • virgule : touche ALT+, (ex: “ALT+, t” → ț)
  • point : touche ALT+; (ex: “ALT+; t” → ṭ)
  • macron : touche ALT+: (ex: “ALT+: t” → ṯ)
  • ogonek : touche ALT+ç (ex: “ALT+ç a” → ą)

Composite Characters

The Unicode system does feature all possible combinations.

Some fonts (notably Charis SIL) overcome this problem by offering smart diacritics positioning even when existing combination is lacking. It suffices to type the letter followed by the desired diacritical mark (pressing the SPACE key to place it below the preceding letter).

I can then add another diacritical mark in the same way.

Such a feature requires the use of a “smart” font such as Charis SIL and a compatible software (which should not be a problem on a recent computer).

Other characters

The keyboard additionally offers numerous characters used for transcriptions, critical editions, and so on.

Other dead keys

  • lettres barrées : touche ALT+b (ex: “ALT+b o” → ø)
  • petites majuscules : touche ALT+MAJ+m (ex: “ALT+MAJ+m t” → ᴛ)
  • lettres gothiques : touche ALT+g (ex: “ALT+g MAJ+c” → ℭ)
  • indices : touche ALT+n (ex: “ALTGR+n 1” → ₁)
  • exposants : touche ALT+MAJ+n (ex: “ALTGR+n 1” → ¹)

Phonetics

  • demi-anneau à droite (aleph) : touche ` (→ ʾ)
  • demi-anneau à gauche (ayin) : touche MAJ+` (→ ʿ)
  • coup de glotte : touche ALT+` (→ ʔ)
  • coup de glotte réfléchi : touche ALT+MAJ+` (→ ʕ)
  • epsilon latin (≠ grec) : touche ALT+& (→ ɛ) [pour la majuscule, combiner avec la touche MAJ]
  • æ : touche ALT+a [idem]
  • ej : touche ALT+z (→ ʒ) [idem]
  • shwa : touche ALT+e (→ ə) [idem]
  • thorn : touche ALT+t (→ þ) [idem]
  • yogh : touche ALT+y (→ ȝ) [idem]
  • œ : touche ALT+i [idem]
  • o ouvert : touche ALT+o (→ ɔ) [idem]
  • esh : touche ALT+s (→ ʃ) [idem]
  • ed : touche ALT+d (→ ð) [idem]
  • gamma latin (≠ grec) : touche ALT+g (→ ɣ) [idem]
  • h barré : touche ALT+h (→ ħ) [idem]
  • eszett : touche ALT+b (→ ß) [idem ; notez que c’est aussi une touche morte, il faut donc appuyer sur espace pour avoir le eszett]
  • l sanglé : touche ALT+l (→ ɬ)
  • j sans point : touche ALT+j (→ ȷ)
  • i sans point : touche ALT+k (→ ı)

Symbols

  • Diamètre (≈ ensemble vide minuscule) : touche ALT+q (→ ⌀)
  • Ensemble vide (≈ diamètre majuscule) : touche ALT+MAJ+q (→ ∅)
  • Multiplication : touche ALT+MAJ+$ (→ ×)
  • Tiret insécable : touche ALT+à (→ ‑)
  • Point de coupure de mot : touche ALT+§ (→ ‧)
  • Prime : touche ALT+MAJ+’ (→ ′)
  • Seconde : touche ALT+MAJ+” (→ ″)
  • Crochet ouvert gauche : touche ALT+< (→ 〈)
  • Crochet ouvert droit : touche ALT+MAJ+< (→ 〉)
  • Demi-crochet haut gauche : touche ALT+MAJ+§ (→ ⸢)
  • Demi-crochet haut droit : touche ALT+MAJ+à (→ ⸣)
  • Demi-crochet bas gauche : touche ALT+MAJ+è (→ ⸤)
  • Demi-crochet bas droit : touche ALT+MAJ+ç (→ ⸥)
  • Cercle en pointillé : touche ALT+MAJ+! (→ ◌)
  • Barres parallèles : touche ALT+MAJ+x (→ ∥)
  • Version samaritaine : touche ALT+g $ (→ ⅏)
  • Espace ponctuation : touche MAJ+espace
  • Espace insécable : touche ALT+espace
  • Espace sans chasse : touche ALT+MAJ+espace
  • Point de conduite simple : touche ALT+p

If you have any suggestions to improve this keyboard, just let me know by leaving a comment below!

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